Excellency Dr (H.C.) Ir. H. Suharso Monoarfa, Minister for National Development Planning (BAPPENAS),
Excellency Mr. Arifin Tasrif, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources,
Excellency Mr. Azis Syamsuddin, Deputy Speaker of the People’s Representative Council
Excellencies, Distinguish guests,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, countries in the Asia-Pacific region have been working steadfastly to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At the heart of the SDGs is the Goal on energy which is SDG7. Energy is the key enabler of development and is an essential input to economic growth.
Our region is home to 60 per cent of the global population and has emerged as an economic powerhouse. This rapid economic growth has driven up our energy demand, and the region’s current consumption stands at about half of the global total.
Yet, inequality is still widening. The outlook for energy access for the region’s poorest and most vulnerable people is not looking promising. While citizens in many countries across the region are enjoying reliable access to electricity, the benefits of modern energy have not reached all. Poor access to clean cooking fuel is another area that requires immediate action. We have much work to do.
Heavy reliance on imported fossil fuel in the Asia-Pacific region imposes vulnerability for the region’s energy security, with the possibility of supply disruption and fuel price spikes. Burning fossil fuels leads to more air pollution and is not compatible with the long-term climate goals agreed to by all countries.
Together, SDG 7 and the Paris Agreement require the Asia-Pacific region to offer a solution through a transition to a lower carbon, more equitable and cleaner energy system. Renewable energy and energy efficiency will play a much broader role in a future energy system.
As well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, both approaches can lead to cost savings, greater energy security, and cleaner skies for our cities.
With the sharp decline in the cost of renewable energy technologies, the economic feasibility to move towards a system largely based on sustainable energy is becoming more clearer than ever.
With the COVID-19 pandemic, the region is now facing the challenge of restoring economies back to their previous dynamism. The sustainable energy transition supported by green stimulus can play an important role in the sustainable recovery.
Transforming the energy sector in a way that would help achieve the SDG 7 as well as align with the objectives of the Paris Agreement would be critical.
Such a transition requires more than just action at the local level. Leaders need to play an active role in adopting the changes and paving the path for others to follow.
Indonesia is certainly a leader in Southeast Asia and has been leading by example. The Government’s role in reducing the fossil fuel subsidy has set a benchmark and is being demonstrated as one of the world’s best practices.
Indonesia has again demonstrated the leadership in developing the first SDG 7 roadmap in Asia and the Pacific. I would like to congratulate the Government of Indonesia for achieving this very important milestone.
Excellencies, Ladies and gentlemen,
The SDG 7 roadmap presents a set of technological options and recommended policy measures, which together forms a pathway for Indonesia for achieving SDG 7.
It presents a detailed assessment of each SDG 7 target and indicator in the Indonesian context, identifies gaps in current policies and finally recommends a set of policy measures to bridge the gap.
It looks at the entire energy sector and not only at electricity generation. This means that energy use in the industry sector, transport sector and agriculture sector is also included.
The emission reduction target, as presented in Indonesia’s nationally determined contribution (NDC), is an integral part in developing a sustainable energy future and to ensuring the country achieves the Paris Agreement target, the roadmap also shows how the increase of renewable energy and energy efficiency can help Indonesia to achieve its intended emission reduction target.
The roadmap also presents a detailed economic analysis for the energy transition to help policymakers make informed decisions.
Finally, the roadmap offers a number of measures to leverage the least-cost sustainable energy development and direct the investment savings to other official sectors.
Excellencies, Ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the Government of Indonesia, in particular to the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS), the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the National Energy Council and the SDGs Secretariat, for its continued cooperation and support to develop the national SDG 7 roadmap.
ESCAP will continue the collaboration to ensure that the recommendations and findings are reflected in national strategies and policies as well as any other support to ensure Indonesia achieves the SDG 7 and NDC targets by 2030.
I am confident that Indonesia will continue to lead the way in building a secured, resilient and sustainable energy future for South-East Asia region and beyond.
I count on your leadership.