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The space industry and space applications have been developing in every Central Asian country during the last 30 years. Each state’s legislative and technological base has evolved to a certain unique extent. Every country of the region actively utilizes satellite-derived Earth Observation data, as well as the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) signals. Development of the space industry in Central Asia is impossible without international cooperation in the domain of space applications, as well as in servicing orbital and terrestrial infrastructure. Creation of a comprehensive legislative framework is a vital prerequisite for successful international cooperation. This publication aims to review the regulatory instruments of each country, to identify key legislative and executive stakeholders and to formulate a list of organizational and legal recommendations in the national, regional and global contexts. The research covers nine countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.