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No one had predicted that the piece of news that broke out on 31 December 2019, New Year's Eve, about the unusual cases of pneumonia that spread in Wuhan, China, could bring almost all other countries down to their knees. The virus was unknown. WHO announced “COVID-19” as the name of this new disease on 11 February 2020. A month later, COVID-19 outbreak was declared a global pandemic. By then, people’s lives and livelihoods were already tremendously and devastatingly affected.

The Governments have undertaken measures to contain or mitigate the spread of the virus, and to minimize the adverse economic impacts, especially on the most vulnerable.

The country profiles here illustrate each respective country’s COVID-19 policy responses outlined briefly as:

  • containment measures;
  • fiscal;
  • monetary;
  • financial;
  • other policy measures.