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Fertility rates in the Republic of Korea have been at the lowest-low level since 1998. The present paper examines variations in fertility measured by total fertility rate based on period parity progression ratios and their components, estimated from censuses of 2000, 2005 and 2010. It also examines how fertility variations by locality are related to key socioeconomic conditions and implementation of family policies and programmes in the locality. The paper finds that the total fertility rate did not change much during the period 2000-2010, but some components of it, especially period progression parity ratios to first marriage and from first to second births, fluctuated substantially. There are substantial variations in fertility by locality, and those variations increased after 2000. This was especially seen in the progression from marriage and from the first to second birth increased.

Published since 1986 by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asia-Pacific Population Journal (APPJ) brings out high-quality, evidence-based and forward-looking articles on a wide range of population and development issues in Asia and the Pacific.

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