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Food systems face numerous multidimensional threats, including conflicts, climate change and price and supply shocks. These challenges hinder progress in human health and security, poverty, inequality, and development efforts, while worsening environmental degradation. Several structural issues in the region compound these challenges, such as growing instability in food systems, demographic shifts including ageing farmers, market concentration, barriers to adopting farmer-friendly technologies, limited access to finance, erosion of traditional knowledge and rapid urbanization affecting fragile urban food systems.


The profile for SDG 2 was developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with inputs from the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).