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The 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development aims to end poverty in all forms, including income and non-income dimensions such as health, education and nutrition, without leaving anyone behind. This profile revisits SDG 1 to take stock of progress achieved since its last review in 2021 and assess future challenges. Having passed the midpoint to 2030, achieving SDG 1 requires accelerated progress in alleviating non-monetary forms of poverty. This includes access to vital resources such as basic water and sanitation and extending social protection coverage. This profile is organized into four sections. Section I presents the current status of SDG 1, highlighting areas with progress and those requiring attention, amid rising inequalities and environmental pressures. Section II focuses on human rights and gender equality considerations, presenting evidence on those the ‘furthest behind’ in several dimensions of poverty. Section III introduces several promising initiatives worth scaling up for accelerated progress towards SDG 1. Section IV concludes with a proposal of six priority actions: (i) adopt integrated policy planning that supports inclusive and adaptive social protection, to ensure no one is left behind amid complex global shocks, climate change and demographic trends, (ii) strengthen implementation of disaster risk reduction strategies at national and local levels, (iii) upgrade skills to support access decent jobs during just transition and investing in the care economy, (iv) harness digitalization to build resilience, (v) invest in data collection and disaggregation while building capacity for data analysis for evidence-based policymaking and (vi) improve domestic resource mobilization and leverage emerging external sources.

The profile for SDG 1 was developed by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) with inputs from United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).