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Inclusive transport remains a largely overlooked aspect of transport development in most Asia-Pacific countries. A review of national transport plans across the region reveals that only 20 of them currently have established strategies aimed at enhancing the inclusivity of transport systems. This highlights the need for a more concerted effort to prioritize and implement inclusive policies in the realm of transport planning and development. This policy brief provides travel demand analysis for different social groups in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and Nepal, including low-income households, women, persons with disabilities, and older persons. It evaluates how social factors, such as age, gender, income, health, and rural or urban residence influence transport mode choice to examine the gap between the current transport system and the travel demand of different user groups. The findings will inform policymakers to design more accessible and inclusive transport systems, services, and infrastructure.

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