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At its forty-third session in 1987, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific directed the secretariat to prepare the second report on the state of the region's environment for the purpose of establishing a better conceptual link between economic development and environmental quality. Subsequently, the Commission, in resolution 267(XLIV) of April 1988, adopted the principle of environmentally sound and sustainable development. This report on the State of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific 1990, issued in response to these decisions, was presented to the Ministerial-level Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific, held at Bangkok in October 1990. Since then, this edition, in its second printing, has been farther revised and updated.