ESCAP’s engagements with member States on dry ports development in the Asia-Pacific region are in line with the Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports which entered into force in April 2016. For Mongolia, dry ports development is a key element of its policy priority areas being a transit and landlocked developing country along transport and economic corridors. Mongolia’s New Recovery Policy identified recovery of operations of border ports as one (of six) priority areas, aiming to increase trade turnover through the phased establishment of inland “dry” ports.
ESCAP has strengthened its support to Mongolia on dry ports development responding to Mongolia’s requests to develop member States’ capacity on dry ports and continue organizing capacity-building workshops and seminars, especially for countries with special needs, including the landlocked developing countries. Activities include:
- Introductory training on dry ports (October 2020)
- Comprehensive technical assessment study on dry ports development in Mongolia (April to October 2022) and technical consultation workshop (October 2022)
- Capacity building for efficient cross-border transit through dry ports development (June 2023)
In June 2023, the Prime Minister of Mongolia ratified the order reviving the inter-agency Working Group on Dry Ports, with the Ministry of Road and Transport Development as lead ministry.
Following up from the training conducted in June 2023 and providing technical support to the newly revived working group, the following activities are proposed.
- Training. The training will deep dive into the theme of public-private partnership for dry ports, building on the productive sessions and good evaluation feedback from the training held in June 2023.
- Study Tour. Officials have conducted past study tours on dry ports (e.g., Khorgos Gateway, Kazakhstan). The study tour will complement past study tours, this time, learning from Thailand’s experience. The location will also provide a foundation in broadening corridor connections across subregions covering North-East Asia and beyond, such as, South-East Asia.